Obesity refers to an abnormal accumulation of body fat that is typically at least 20% over an individual’s ideal body weight. The most common way to measure obesity is through body mass index or BMI. BMI calculates the ratio of height and weight and has a strong correlation with certain health conditions. Some of the most harmful effects of obesity are hypertension, diabetes, stroke, heart disease, cancer, and even mortality. Respiratory problems as well as difficulty sleeping can also develop as a result of obesity.
A healthy BMI for adult males and females is between 18.5 and 24.9. Individuals who are overweight have a BMI between 25.0 and 29.0 while those with a BMI of 30 or higher are considered obese. As in adults, obesity is an increasing problem among children and teenagers. However, the definitions of being overweight and child obesity differ from those in adults. Children and teens ages 2 to 20 with a BMI in the 85th to 94th percentile are overweight while those in the 95th percentile or higher are known as obese.
Causes of Obesity
The amount of calories an individual consumes and burns off determines his or her weight. Someone who eats more calories than he or she burns will gain weight and store excess energy as fat. An individual who eats fewer calories than he or she metabolizes will lose weight. That being said, the most common causes of obesity are physical inactivity and overeating. Obesity is also triggered by emotions such as stress, anger, or boredom that may lead individuals to overeat. In addition, social issues such as financial restrictions, diseases like hypothyroidism, and medications such as antidepressants can also contribute to obesity.
Overcoming obesity starts with a complete lifestyle change. An individual should understand that he or she is at an unhealthy weight and be motivated to lose weight and live a healthier life. Through an individualized weight loss plan at a reputable weight loss clinic like Total HealthcareMD, obese patients can implement a diet plan and routine exercise program in addition to taking prescription weight loss medications if necessary.
Since obesity has a high relapse rate, it’s essential for obese patients to find a weight loss plan that can provide them with the tools and resources necessary for long-term results. If you’re searching for obesity help and more information on our custom weight loss program that can help you lose weight and keep it off, contact us today.